This documentation covers a development version of IPython. The development version may differ significantly from the latest stable release.
This documentation covers IPython versions 6.0 and higher. Beginning with version 6.0, IPython stopped supporting compatibility with Python versions lower than 3.3 including all versions of Python 2.7.
If you are looking for an IPython version compatible with Python 2.7, please use the IPython 5.x LTS release and refer to its documentation (LTS is the long term support release).
Licenses and Copyright¶
IPython source code and examples are licensed under the terms of the new or revised BSD license, as follows:
Copyright (c) 2011, IPython Development Team All rights reserved. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. Neither the name of the IPython Development Team nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
IPython documentation, examples and other materials are licensed under the terms of the Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, as follows:
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About the IPython Development Team¶
Fernando Perez began IPython in 2001 based on code from Janko Hauser <jhauser-AT-zscout.de> and Nathaniel Gray <n8gray-AT-caltech.edu>. Fernando is still the project lead.
The IPython Development Team is the set of all contributors to the IPython project. This includes all of the IPython subprojects. See the release notes for a list of people who have contributed to each release.
Our Copyright Policy¶
IPython uses a shared copyright model. Each contributor maintains copyright over their contributions to IPython. But, it is important to note that these contributions are typically only changes (diffs/commits) to the repositories. Thus, the IPython source code, in its entirety is not the copyright of any single person or institution. Instead, it is the collective copyright of the entire IPython Development Team. If individual contributors want to maintain a record of what changes/contributions they have specific copyright on, they should indicate their copyright in the commit message of the change, when they commit the change to one of the IPython repositories.
Any new code contributed to IPython must be licensed under the BSD license or a similar (MIT) open source license.
Some files (DPyGetOpt.py, for example) may be licensed under different conditions. Ultimately each file indicates clearly the conditions under which its author/authors have decided to publish the code.
Versions of IPython up to and including 0.6.3 were released under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL), available at http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/lesser.html.
Online versions of the Creative Commons licenses can be found at: