Integrating your objects with IPython¶
To change the attributes displayed by tab-completing your object, define a
__dir__(self) method for it. For more details, see the documentation of the
built-in dir() function.
The notebook and the Qt console can display richer representations of objects.
To use this, you can define any of a number of
_repr_*_() methods. Note that
these are surrounded by single, not double underscores.
Both the notebook and the Qt console can display
representations. The notebook can also display
latex. If the methods don’t exist, or return
None, it falls
back to a standard
class Shout(object): def __init__(self, text): self.text = text def _repr_html_(self): return "<h1>" + self.text + "</h1>"
Custom exception tracebacks¶
Rarely, you might want to display a different traceback with an exception -
IPython’s own parallel computing framework does this to display errors from the
engines. To do this, define a
_render_traceback_(self) method which returns
a list of strings, each containing one line of the traceback.
Please be conservative in using this feature; by replacing the default traceback you may hide important information from the user.